What To Know About Dental Problems And Oral Health

Patient beautiful girl is holding an x-ray of her teeth. medicine and dentistry concept.

Dental problems arise from poor oral hygiene and can make your life uncomfortable. These problems can range from cavities, gum disease, and in some cases, blood poisoning. It is therefore vital you go for regular check-ups to avoid any complications. And the best way to achieve this is through practicing good oral health.

Symptoms of Dental Problems

Dental problems have various symptoms ranging from mild to excruciating pain. You can start with your teeth changing color or shape. These symptoms gradually become mild sensitivity to cold or hot food and drinks. The mild sensitive symptoms become sudden pain and, if untreated, can lead to cavities, bleeding gums, and loss of teeth.

Tooth Cavities

Tooth cavities are also known as tooth decay or dental caries. They occur when a sticky, colorless yellow film of bacteria called plaque accumulates on the tooth’s surface. Sugars in food react with acids, causing damage and destruction to the tooth’s hard outer layer, known as enamel. This atmosphere facilitates the development of plaque. The estimation is that 9 in 10 adults suffer from tooth decay.

Dentists diagnose tooth decay by taking X-rays. They inspect and check for soft regions in teeth with dental equipment and inquire about pain and sensitivity.

People can contribute to tooth decay prevention by brushing their teeth twice a day with a gentle brush and fluoride toothpaste and floss daily. It is also highly advisable to avoid sugary foods and drinks. Dentists use fillings to treat cavities to stop further damage.

Gum Disease

Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease. It develops when plaque builds up between and around teeth and infects the gums, causing discomfort and swelling. Periodontitis can develop from gingivitis, resulting in bleeding gums, uncomfortable chewing, receding gums, and tooth loss.

Besides prescription medicines for tooth infection, dentists typically perform a deep cleaning treatment called scale and root planing. This is to remove tartar and plaque and so reverse gum disease. In some situations, a person with advanced periodontitis may require surgery.

Chipped teeth

A tooth may crack, chip, or break due to chewing or biting complex meals. They also suffer from teeth grinding during the night or accidents and injuries.

Symptoms of a cracked or chipped tooth include the following:

  • heightened sensitivity to hot and cold temperatures, intermittent pain when eating
  • Dentists will examine and feel for cracks in a patient’s mouth. Additionally, they may employ a dental dye to help visualize the damage.
  • Chipped teeth require a variety of treatments. Depending on the severity of the damage, dentists may employ bonding. They place a crown on the tooth, perform a root canal operation, or extract the tooth.


When individuals with sensitive teeth eat cold or hot foods, they may experience discomfort and pain.

Sensitization of the teeth can occur when the enamel breaks, allowing chemicals to access the nerve ends.

Apart from sealants and fillings, sensitive teeth may benefit from oral hygiene products.


Many people seek dental treatment to enhance their teeth’s appearance. People lose their self-esteem due to crooked teeth, excessive teeth (hyperdontia), or yellow-stained teeth.

Dentists may propose the following procedures to improve a person’s teeth’s appearance:

Other cosmetic dental technology or procedures include veneers, orthodontics, teeth whitening, and dental implants.

Damaged teeth

An impacted tooth has been unable to erupt due to a lack of space. The impacted tooth may then shift into contact with another tooth.

It can result in jaw and gum pain, foul breath, and difficulty quickly opening the mouth.

Typically, dentists identify impacted teeth using a dental X-ray.

Depending on the afflicted tooth, a dentist may utilize eruption aids, remove adjacent teeth obstructing it, or extract it surgically.

Cancer of the mouth

Oral cancer refers to any cancer in the mouth, including the lips, tongue, tonsils, or oropharynx.

Common symptoms include persistent sores and tumors.

Chances of developing oral cancer can be reduced by not smoking, abstaining from smokeless tobacco, and reducing alcohol use. This malignancy is treatable if detected early, and routine dental examinations can aid in early detection.

Preventative measures and oral health suggestions

Avoid dental disorders by adopting proper oral hygiene. Several suggestions include the following:

  • Teeth brushing at least twice a day
  • Use fluoride toothpaste.
  • Floss daily or use other cleaners that reach between the teeth.
  • Limit sugar intake, abstaining from tobacco and smoking.
  • Visit the dentist regularly.
  • Choose water as the primary beverage, limit alcohol consumption, and wear protective equipment to avoid facial injuries.

When is it appropriate to consult a dentist?

If a person notices any of the symptoms listed above, they should visit a dentist. Other symptoms include toothache, swollen gums, or acute sensitivity to cold or hot temperatures. Individuals who have received dental treatments such as fillings, crowns, dentures, or orthodontics should visit their dentist regularly. This is to ensure that everything is functioning correctly.

Pregnant women should have routine dental examinations, as pregnancy might exacerbate pre-existing dental disorders. Around 60%–75% of pregnant women have gingivitis and are at risk of developing cavities.

The majority of dental disorders are also associated with chronic illnesses. Individuals who have additional medical problems should visit the doctor. Even those undergoing chemotherapy or radiation therapy should include a dentist on their medical team.

Individuals should visit their dentist immediately if they experience any of the following symptoms:

Jaw discomfort, gum disease

This is trouble eating due to a dry mouth and mouth sores and patches.

Final Word

Dental disorders are a typical occurrence in the health care system that many people overlook. Dental disorders harm an individual’s nutrition, self-esteem, and overall health and well-being. They may also be signs of an underlying medical disease or, if left untreated, result in chronic problems.

You can avoid a variety of dental diseases by practicing proper oral hygiene. This includes brushing regularly, reducing sugar intake, and scheduling regular dental examinations.